Volume 3, Issue 1 (1-2018)                   hrjbaq 2018, 3(1): 17-27 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Frotan Y, Parno A, Daneshyar S. The Effect of Three Model Concurrent Training on Maximal Oxygen Consumption, Biochemical Factors and Lipid Profile and Insulin Resistance Index in Overweight Inactive Men . hrjbaq. 2018; 3 (1) :17-27
URL: http://hrjbaq.ir/article-1-208-en.html
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science- Asadabad Branch of Islamic Azdad University, Hamadan, Iran , (yazdanfrotan@yahoo.com)
Abstract:   (846 Views)

Introduction: The incidence pf metabolic dosorders due to inactivity is growing. The aim of current study was to investigate the effect of 8 weeks of concurrent training on body composition and bochemical markers of metabolic disorders in overweight non-athlete men.
Materials and Methods: 30 young men aged 19 to25 years and a BMI of 25 to 28 Kg/M2, randomly divided into three groups as aerobic-intermittent sauna, aerobic continuous-sauna and exercise strength-sauna (n=10) groups. Subjects performed 3 sessions per week of periodic, continuous and strength aerobic exercise on individual days, and then 2 sessions of sauna program per week in even days for 20 to 30 minutes in a dry sauna with a temperature of 80°C. Blood samples were taken from subjects in fasting and two times before and after 8 weeks of intervention. Changes in serum lipid profiles (triglyceride, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, lipoprotein A) and insulin resistance index were assessed by enzymatic method. The results were evaluated using variance analysis.
Results: The results showed that after intensive aerobic training, continues training and strength training simultaneously with the sauna, total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL), lipoprotein A, body fat percentage, glucose concentration, insulin concentration and Insulin resistance index significantly decreased, while the aerobic power and high density lipoprotein (HDL) significantly increased (P≤0.05). Also, there was no significant difference between groups except aerobic power (P≥ 0.05)
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that periodic aerobic exercise, continuous aerobic exercise and strength training simultaneously with the sauna have a favorable effect on lipid profile and insulin resistance. Compared to most aerobic and strength exercises, the practice of coinciding strategy is seen to be more effective.

Full-Text [PDF 836 kb]   (37 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/11/26 | Revised: 2018/04/16 | Accepted: 2018/03/3 | Published: 2018/04/15 | ePublished: 2018/04/15

1. Motamedy P, Nikroo H, Hejazi K. The Effects of Eight-Weeks Aerobic Training on Serum Leptin Levels, Anthropometric Indices and VO2max in Sedentary Obese Men. J Ergon. 2017;5(1):36-42. doi: 10.21859/joe-05015
2. Kazem Zadeh Y, Baniyarif Abdol A, Ghiroanis R, Hossein A. [Effects of 8 weeks full-time period practice. (HIIT) on body composition, fat profile and insulin sensitivity in overweight young men]. J Physiol Exerc Phys Act. 2016;18:1385-94.
3. Rezaee Shirazi R. [Effects of 12 weeks high intensity interval training on plasma Adiponectin, Leptin and insulin resistance in obese males with non-alcoholic fatty liver]. J Exerc Sci Fitn. 2015;5(1):23-35.
4. Amini R, Rajabi H, Amirseifadini M, Divsalar K. [Study of changes in adiponectin, leptin, and plasma lipid profile of Inactive men the result 24 session, playing futsal]. Two Q Res Sport Med Technol. 2014;12(28):11-22.
5. Arefi Reza A, Hematin M, Kordi Mohammad R. [Effect of Severe Periodic Exercise (HIIT) on the Lipid profile of inactive young men]. J Sport Sci. 2017;6(3):259-72.
6. Torabi S, Asadi M, Tabrizi A. [The Effect of 8 Weeks of Moderate-Intensity Endurance Training on Serum Levels of Liver Enzymes and Insulin Resistance Index in Women with Type 2 Diabetes]. Qom Univ Med Sci J 2017;11(7):47-55.
7. Hakimi M, Sheikholeslami-Vatani D, Ali-Mohammadi M. [Comparing the effect of 8-week resistance with combined training (resistance- massage) on leptin serum, lipid profile and body composition in overweight young male]. J Exerc Physiol. 2015;25:15-32.
8. Grundy SM. Obesity, metabolic syndrome, and coronary atherosclerosis. Circulation. 2002;105(23):2696-8. pmid: 1205 7978
9. Eatamade Z, Ismail Nasab N. [The effect of triceps muscle resistance training on body composition and serum lipids in students of Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj Branch]. J Med Sci KurdIstan. 2009;14:8-20.
10. Misra A, Alappan NK, Vikram NK, Goel K, Gupta N, Mittal K, et al. Effect of supervised progressive resistance-exercise training protocol on insulin sensitivity, glycemia, lipids, and body composition in Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2008;31(7):1282-7. doi: 10.2337/dc07-2316 pmid: 18316394
11. Ebrahim K, Salehpour M, Ahmadi N. [Comparison of the effect of a single bout of aerobic activity and sauna on blood free fatty acids levels]. Iranian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2015;1(2):105-11.
12. Pilch W, Szygula Z, Klimek AT, Palka T, Cison T, Pilch P, et al. Changes in the lipid profile of blood serum in women taking sauna baths of various duration. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2010;23(2):167-74. doi: 10.2478/v10001-010-0020-9 pmid: 20682487
13. Jafari M, Mogharnasi M, Galdavi R. [The Effect of 8 Weeks of Resistance Training and a Period of Short-Term Detraining on Plasma Levels of Chemerin and Body Composition in Overweight and Obese Females]. Sport Physiol Sport Manage Invest. 2017;9(1):9-20.
14. Ghahramanloo R, Agha Alinejad H, Gharakhanlou R. [Effects of Strength, Endurance and Concurrent Training on Bioenergetics' Characteristics, Maximum Strength and Body Composition in Untrained Men]. Nat Olymp Commit Islamic Republic Iran. 2007;15(4):45-53.
15. Nikroo H, Nematy M, Sima HR, Attarzade Hosseini SR. Effect of restricted diet with or without aerobic training program on cardio respiratory fitness and anthropometric indices in patients with non alcoholic steatohepatitis. J North Khorasan Univ Med Sci. 2011;3(3):91-9. doi: 10.29252/jnkums.3.3 .91
16. Jadidi RP, Peeri M, Azarbayjani M, Homaee HM. The effect of resistance training on the levels of glucose, insulin and insulin resistance index among untrained academic women. Eur J Exp Biol. 2013;3(6):455-61.
17. Marcell TJ, McAuley KA, Traustadóttir T, Reaven PD. Exercise training is not associated with improved levels of C-reactive protein or adiponectin. Metab Clin Exp. 2005;54(4):533-41.
18. Sohaily S, Eizadi M, Shahedi V, Kameabnia M. [The Effect of Resistance Training on Adiponectin and Insulin Resistance Index in Over Weight College,s Students Girl]. International Conference on Environmental, Biomedical and Biotechnology; Iran2011. p. 102-6.
19. Pourabdi K, Shakeriyan S, Pourabdi Z, Janbozorgi M. [Effects of Short-Term Interval Training Courses on Fitness and Weight Loss of Untrained Girls]. Ann Appl Sport Sci. 2013;1(2):1-9.
20. Fakourian A, Azarbaijani M, Peeri M. Effect a period of selective military training on physical fitness, body mass index, mental health and mood in officer students. J Army Univ Med Sci. 2012;10(1):17-27.
21. Wooten JS, Biggerstaff KD, Anderson C. Response of lipid, lipoprotein-cholesterol, and electrophoretic characteristics of lipoproteins following a single bout of aerobic exercise in women. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2008;104(1):19-27. doi: 10.1007/s00421-008-0770-2 pmid: 18509669
22. Tsekouras YE, Magkos F, Kellas Y, Basioukas KN, Kavouras SA, Sidossis LS. High-intensity interval aerobic training reduces hepatic very low-density lipoprotein-triglyceride secretion rate in men. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2008;295(4):E851-8. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.90545.2008 pmid: 18664593
23. Tofighi A, Jamali B, Babaei S, Amaghani A. [Effect of regular exercise on serum levels of homocysteine and lipid profile in obese female]. Med J Tabriz Uni Med Sci Health Serv. 2017;39(5):20-7.
24. Okura T, Nakata Y, Tanaka K. Effects of exercise intensity on physical fitness and risk factors for coronary heart disease. Obes Res. 2003;11(9):1131-9. doi: 10.1038/oby.20 03.154 pmid: 12972684
25. Kessler HS, Sisson SB, Short KR. The potential for high-intensity interval training to reduce cardiometabolic disease risk. Sports Med. 2012;42(6):489-509. doi: 10.2165/1163 0910-000000000-00000 pmid: 22587821
26. Azebaijan M, Abedi B, Pirie M, Rasai Mohammad J. [The Effect of a Combined Resistance and Aerobic Exercise Session on Serum Leptin Concentration and Anabolism Intensity Indicator in Inactive Men]. Qom Univ Med Sci. 2002;6(1):46-53.
27. Inoue DS, De Mello MT, Foschini D, Lira FS, De Piano Ganen A, Da Silveira Campos RM, et al. Linear and undulating periodized strength plus aerobic training promote similar benefits and lead to improvement of insulin resistance on obese adolescents. J Diabetes Complications. 2015;29(2):258-64. doi: 10.101 6/j.jdiacomp.2014.11.002 pmid: 25441178
28. Ahmadizad S, Ghorbani S, Ghasemikaram M, Bahmanzadeh M. Effects of short-term nonperiodized, linear periodized and daily undulating periodized resistance training on plasma adiponectin, leptin and insulin resistance. Clin Biochem. 2014;47(6):417-22. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbio chem.2013.12.019 pmid: 24380765
29. Ezadi M, Goudarzi M, Soheili S, Dahali H. [Effect of Short-term Sport Activities on Adiponectin Level and Insulin Sensitivity in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Short Report]. Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci. 2013;12:863-70.
30. Jeon JY, Han J, Kim HJ, Park MS, Seo DY, Kwak YS. The combined effects of physical exercise training and detraining on adiponectin in overweight and obese children. Integr Med Res. 2013;2(4):145-50. doi: 10.1016/j.imr.2013.10.001 pmid: 28664066

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Health Research Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb