دوره 1، شماره 2 - ( 12-1394 )                   جلد 1 شماره 2 صفحات 113-121 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Riahi S, Riyahi F, Yaribeygi H. Diabetes and Role of Exercise on its Control; A systematic Review . hrjbaq. 2016; 1 (2) :113-121
URL: http://hrjbaq.ir/article-1-35-fa.html
ریاحی سیمین، ریاحی فاطمه، یاری بیگی حبیب. دیابت و نقش ورزش در کنترل آن؛ یک مطالعه مروری سیستماتیک . مجله پژوهش سلامت. 1394; 1 (2) :113-121

URL: http://hrjbaq.ir/article-1-35-fa.html


دپارتمان اپیدمیولوژی دانشکده پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی آجا تهران ایران ، Riahy_simin@yahoo.com
چکیده:   (13445 مشاهده)

دیابت شیرین شایع ترین بیماری متابولیکی می‌باشد. تخمین زده می­شود شیوع آن در سراسر جهان تا سال 2050 به 21% برسد. درایران شیوع دیابت حدود 14 % تخمین زده می­شود. دیابت به نوع 1 و2 تقسیم بندی می­شود. دیابت نوع 1 به علت کمبود ترشح انسولین و دیابت نوع2 از مقاومت به انسولین و عدم ترشح جبرانی انسولین ایجاد می­شود. هدف درمان دیابت تنظیم گلوکز، چربی و فشار خون به منظور جلوگیری و یا به تاخیر انداختن عوارض مزمن دیابت است. رژیم غذایی، دارو و فعالیت بدنی سه روش اصلی کنترل دیابت می­باشند. فعالیت ورزشی استقامتی، مقاومتی و ترکیبی در کنترل دیابت و عوارض جانبی خطرناک آن مفید هستند. یک جلسه تمرین هوازی حساسیت به انسولین را به مدت 72-24 ساعت افزایش می­دهد. تاثیر مثبت فعالیت ورزشی به کاهش وزن، افزایش Glut4 عضله، افزایش جریان خون، کاهش تولید گلوکز کبدی و طبیعی شدن چربی خون مرتبط می باشد. تمرین مقاومتی درازمدت تحمل گلوکز و حساسیت انسولینی را بهبود می­بخشد و با افزایش توده عضله اسکلتی میزان گلیکوژن ذخیره ای آن را افزایش می­دهد. در تجویز ورزش برای بیماران دیابتی باید به وجود عوارض بیماری، سطح ناتوانی و محدودیت های ارتوپدی توجه کرد. لذا یک تیم متشکل از چندین متخصص برای تعیین سطح و پروتکل برنامه ورزشی برای بیمار مورد نیاز است.

واژه‌های کلیدی: دیابت، ورزش، کنترل.
متن کامل [PDF 738 kb]   (13490 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: كاربردي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: 1394/12/4 | ویرایش نهایی: 1398/8/21 | پذیرش: 1395/2/6 | انتشار: 1395/3/4

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