Volume 5, Issue 3 (6-2020)                   hrjbaq 2020, 5(3): 137-143 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mohseni S, Mirgol A. Determining the Role of Islamic Lifestyle, Social Desirability and Self-Efficacy with Happiness and Mental Health in Students. hrjbaq. 2020; 5 (3) :137-143
URL: http://hrjbaq.ir/article-1-351-en.html
Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Payame Noor University, Zahedan, Iran , (mirgolahmad@yahoo.com)
Abstract:   (1063 Views)

Introduction: Happiness, as one of the abilities of the human mind, plays a major role in innovation and solving human problems. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the role of Islamic lifestyle, social desirability and self-efficacy in predicting studentschr('39') happiness.
Materials and Methods: The present study was an applied study of correlational studies. 150 students were selected from the student population of Payame Noor University of Zahedan Center in the academic year of 1997-98 in a simple random manner and information related to using Kaviani Islamic lifestyle questionnaires (2009), social desirability of Crown and Marlowe (1964), Schwarzerchr('39')s self-efficacy And Jerosalem (1992) and Oxford Happiness (1999) were collected. Pearson correlation and regression in Spss software were used to investigate the data.
Results: The results of Pearson correlation coefficient showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between Islamic lifestyle and happiness (r=0.27) at 99% confidence level, as well as a positive and significant relationship between social desirability (r=-0.52) and self-efficacy (r=0.33) with studentschr('39') happiness at 99% confidence level. 
Conclusion: Due to the learnability of happiness and its important roles in improving mental health and well-being, the education system planners should pay more special attention to it in scientific studies and educational planning.

Author Contribution: Sahar Mohseni was designed the study, analyzed data and wrote the manuscript, Ahmad Mirgol collected and analyzed data and edited final manuscript.
Conflict of Interest/Funding/Supports: The authors declare that have no conflict of interest/funding/supports in this study.
Ethical Considerations: All ethical concerns respected in this study. Also, it was approved in ethical committee of Hatef University of Zahedan/Iran (Code number: D/1/17/2251).  

Full-Text [PDF 1245 kb]   (529 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/06/6 | Revised: 2020/08/26 | Accepted: 2019/09/18 | ePublished ahead of print: 2020/07/4 | Published: 2020/08/23

References
1. Pressman SD, Cohen S. Does positive affect influence health? Psychol Bull. 2005;131(6):925-71. DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.131.6.925 PMID: 16351329
2. Fallah MH, Nik Fargam M. The Ethics in Religious Doctrines and Its Impact on Higher Happiness - A Case Study of Female Students of Yazd Universities. Islamic Sciences. 2012;16:113- 36.
3. Mahon NE, Yarcheski A, Yarcheski TJ. Happiness as related to gender and health in early adolescents. Clin Nurs Res. 2005;14(2):175-90. DOI: 10.1177/105477 3804271936 PMID: 15793274
4. Kahneman D, Riis J. Living, and thinking about it: two perspectives on life. 2005:284-305. DOI: 10.1093/acprof: oso/9780198567523.003.0011
5. Rasuli F. The Relationship Between Happiness and Quality of Nursing Services in Ilam Hospital. 2016.
6. Aspinwall L, Richter L, Hoffman R. Understanding how optimism works: and examination of optimists adaptive moderation of belief and behavior. In: Chan E, editor. Optimism and pessimism: Implications for theory, Research and Practice2001. p. 218- 38.
7. Bagheri F, Yousefi H. Hard on self-efficacy beliefs and emotional self-regulation strategies in female students. thought and behavior. 2009;4(14):35-47.
8. Nedeljkovic M, Wepfer V, Ausfeld-Hafter B, Wirtz P, Streitberger KM. Influence of general self-efficacy as a mediator in Taiji-induced stress reduction–Results from a randomized controlled trial. European J integrative medicine. 2013;5(3):284-90.
9. Kobau R, DiIorio C. Epilepsy self-management: a comparison of self-efficacy and outcome expectancy for medication adherence and lifestyle behaviors among people with epilepsy. Epilepsy & Behavior. 2003;4(3):217-25. DOI: 10.1016/s1525-5050(03)00057-x
10. French DP. Self-Efficacy and Health. In: Wright J, editor. International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences. 2 ed ed. Oxford: Elsevier; 2015. p. 509-14.
11. Bandura A. Human agency in social cognitive theory. Am Psychol. 1989;44(9):1175-84. DOI: 10.1037/0003-066x. 44.9.1175 PMID: 2782727
12. Schultz D, Schultz S. Theories of personality. Cengage Learning. 2016.
13. Sedghpour B, Mahmoudian M, Salmonians H. The Effect of Teaching Quranic teachings on Improving Social Acceptance. Quarterly Journal of Interdisciplinary Quranic Studies. 2009;2(1):17-26.
14. Taghavi R, Baba Nazari L. The desirability of male and female students of Shiraz University of Technology and Humanities. 3rd Mental Health Students Seminar: University of Science and Technology; 2006. p. 78-80.
15. Sarmadi Soltani V, Zarei Mingaki F, Salimi Bijastani H. The Effectiveness of Life Skills on Students' Expression and Social Utility. Developmental Psychology. 2013;10(37):81-9.
16. Mora Ripoll R. Lifestyle medicine: The importance of considering all the causes of disease. Revista de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental (English Edition). 2012;5(1):48-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.rpsmen.2012.04.004
17. Hendricks J, Hatch L. Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences. Sixth Edition ed: Academic Press; 2006.
18. Mousavi Gilani R. What and why the lifestyle and its relationship with religion and Mahdism. The Promised Quarterly. 2013;138:123-35.
19. Toghyani M, Kajbaf M, Bahrampour M. The relationship of Islamic life style with dysfunctional attitudes in university students. JSR. 2014;14(54):35-43.
20. Salmabadi M, Javan R, Rajabi A, Ebrahimi N. The comparison of Islamic life style factors and perfectionism in secondary school teachers in Birjand. Ac J Psy Stud. 2015;4(2):22-31.
21. Kaviani M. Quantification and measurement of Islamic life style. Psychology and Religion. 2011;4(2):27-44.
22. Robertson DR, Holzenthal RW. Revision of the Neotropical caddisfly genus Itauara Muller, 1888 (Trichoptera, Glossosomatidae). Zookeys. 2011(114): 41-100. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.114.1405 PMID: 21976996
23. Snyder CR, Ilardi SS, Cheavens J, Michael ST, Yamhure L, Sympson S. The Role of Hope in Cognitive-behavior Therapies. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 2000;24(6): 747-62. DOI: 10.1023/a:1005547730153
24. Zarei A. Street Children - Challenges and Solutions 2010. Available from: http://rasekhoon.net/atricl/show.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2021 All Rights Reserved | Health Research Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb