Volume 5, Issue 3 (6-2020)                   hrjbaq 2020, 5(3): 144-151 | Back to browse issues page

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Babakhani F. The Effectiveness of Central Muscle Exercises with Physiobial Balls on Balancing and Curvature Changes of Lordosis in Trainable Mentally Retard Female Students. hrjbaq. 2020; 5 (3) :144-151
URL: http://hrjbaq.ir/article-1-402-en.html
Department of Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Allameh Tabataba’i University. Tehran. Iran , (Farideh_babakhani@yahoo.com)
Abstract:   (905 Views)

Introduction: Designing appropriate movement programs is one of the most important factors in helping mentally retarded students. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of durability of twelve weeks of central muscle exercises with a physiobal ball on the balance and curvature of lordosis in mental retard trainable female students.
Materials and Methods: The statistical sample of this study was 30 female students with mental disabilities aged 10-12 years who were in two experimental groups of 15 (lordosis abnormalities) and control (without abnormalities to assess balance). A flexible ruler was used to evaluate the lordosis angle and a y test was used for dynamic equilibrium. Subjects received a training program that included central stability exercises with a physioball ball three times a week for 12 weeks. Data were analyzed by t-correlated and independent t-test with a significant level of P≤0.05.
Results: After 12 weeks of training, significant improvement in lumbar lordosis of the experimental group compared to the pre-training period of central stability with physioball ball was established (P<0.05). Exercise with a physioball ball in the experimental group led to improved balance and better performance than the control group. Balance after exercise has been significant in both experimental and control groups in the anterior and posterior direction of internal (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the external posterior balance of both groups.
Conclusion: The use of physiobal balls in central stability exercises can be used as an effective way to reduce lumbar lordosis angle and beneficial interventions to improve balance in mentally retarded students.

Author Contribution: The author contributed in the work.
Conflict of Interest/Funding/Supports: The author states that have no Conflict of Interest/Funding/Supports in this study.
Ethical Considerations: All ethical concerns respected in this study. Also it was approved in ethical committee of Allameh Tabataba’i University (code number: S/7/25/54347).
Applicable Remarks: To aim for reduce Lumbar lordosis angle and improve balance in students with ntelectual disability.

Full-Text [PDF 1452 kb]   (321 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/01/4 | Revised: 2020/08/26 | Accepted: 2020/05/31 | ePublished ahead of print: 2020/07/7 | Published: 2020/08/23

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