Volume 3, Issue 1 (1-2018)                   hrjbaq 2018, 3(1): 45-52 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Behzadfar F, Arabkhazaeli N, Khani H, Zamani N, Zamani S. Relationship between Perceived Social Support and Self-esteem with Satisfaction of Life in Iranian Students . hrjbaq. 2018; 3 (1) :45-52
URL: http://hrjbaq.ir/article-1-81-en.html
Province Health Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, Iran , (dr.h.khani@gmail.com)
Abstract:   (1040 Views)

Introduction: Life satisfaction with several factors such as self-esteem and perceived social support has a strong and significant relationship in different groups. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between perceived social support and self-esteem with life satisfaction in Iranian students.

Materials and Methods: This correlation study was performed in the population of all undergraduate students at Mazandaran University in Babolsar in 2013-2014 which enrolled using available sampling method. Using Cochran formula, 256 samples (166 girls and 90 boys) were selected and then responded to three questionnaires as self-esteem scale (RSES), multi-dimensional perceived social support scale (MPSSS), and life satisfaction scale (SWLS). To analyze the data, T-test for independent samples, Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression was used in SPSS 18 software.

Results: Using multiple regression analysis on life satisfaction scale and four predictor variables using step-by-step method in female students, life satisfaction scale was determined by two variables: self-esteem with coefficient (Beta=0.42) and perceived social support by the family with a coefficient (Beta=0.24). Also, in boys, life satisfaction scale is predicted by two variables of self-esteem with a coefficient (Beta = 0.28) and social support perceived by friends with a coefficient (Beta = 0.25).
Conclusion: Increasing of social support understanding and self-esteem leads to improve in health and quality of life. Health and Function is one of the important dimensions of quality of life that is influenced by psychological factors. Increasing these two psychological variables increases the level of person's performance, daily activities and quality of life.
 

Full-Text [PDF 564 kb]   (396 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/09/18 | Revised: 2018/11/7 | Accepted: 2016/10/23 | ePublished ahead of print: 2018/03/9 | Published: 2018/03/9

References
1. Diener E, Emmons RA. the Independence of Positive and Negative Affect. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1984;47(5):1105-17. pmid: 6520704
2. Steenbarger B. Subjecting Well – Being: Why Its Important. J Socpsychol. 2007;63:364-38.
3. Ryan RM, Deci EL. On Happiness qnd Human Potentials: q Review of Research on Hedonic and Eudaimonic Well-Being. Annu Rev Psychol. 2001;52:141-66. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.141 pmid: 11148302
4. Cohen S, Wills TA. Stress, Social Support, and the Buffering Hypothesis. Psychol Bull. 1985;98(2):310-57. pmid: 3901065
5. Keyes CLM. Social Well-Being. Soc Psychol Q. 1998;61(2):121. doi: 10.2307/2787065
6. Ryff CD. Happiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on The Meaning of Psychological Well-Being. J Person Soc Psychol. 1989;57(6):1069-81. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.57.6.1069
7. Keyes CL. the Mental Health Continuum: from Languishing to Flourishing in Life. J Health Soc Behav. 2002;43(2):207-22. pmid: 12096700
8. Saracoglu B, Minden H, Wilchesky M. the Adjustment of Students with Learning Disabilities to University and its Relationship to Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy. J Learn Disabil. 2002;35(1):597-615.
9. Crocker J. The Costs of Seeking Self-Esteem. J Soc Issues. 2002;58(3):597-615. doi: 10.1111/1540-4560. 00279
10. Mann M, Hosman CM, Schaalma HP, de Vries NK. Self-Esteem in a Broad-Spectrum Approach for Mental Health Promotion. Health Educ Res. 2004;19(4):357-72. doi: 10.1093/her/cyg041 pmid: 15199011
11. Chang AM, Mackenzie AE. State Self-Esteem Following Stroke. Stroke. 1998;29(11):2325-8. pmid: 9804642
12. Ryff CD, Keyes CL. the Structure of Psychological Well-Being Revisited. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1995;69(4):719-27. pmid: 7473027
13. Pullmann H, Allik J. the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: its Dimensionality, Stability And Personality Correlates in Estonian. Pers Individ Differ. 2000;28(4):701-15. doi: 10.1016/s0191-8869(99)00132-4
14. Zimet GD, Dahlem NW, Zimet SG, Farley GK. the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. J Pers Assess. 1988;52(1):30-41. doi: 10.1207/s1532775 2jpa5201_2
15. Steenbarger B. subjecting well – being :why its important. Journal of socpsychol 2007. -. Subjecting Well – Being: Why Its Important. J Socpsychol 2007;63:364-80.
16. Greenberger E, Chen C, Dmitrieva J, Farruggia SP. Item-Wording and the Dimensionality of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: Do They Matter? Pers Individ Differ. 2003;35(6):1241-54. doi: 10.1016/s0191-8869(02)003 31-8
17. Streeter CL, Franklin C. Defining and Measuring Social Support: Guidelines for Social Work Practitioners. Res Soc Work Pract. 2002;2(1):81-98.
18. Diener E. Subjective Well-Being. Psychol Bull. 1985;95:545-75.
19. Martı́nez Garcı́a MF, Garcı́a Ramı́rez M, Maya Jariego I. Social Support and Locus of Control as Predictors of Psychological Well-Being in Moroccan and Peruvian Immigrant Women in Spain. Int J Interc Relat. 2002;26(3):287-310. doi: 10.1016/s0147-1767(02)000 05-6 pmid: 10.1016/S0147-1767
20. Christopher AN, Victoria Kuo S, Abraham KM, Noel LW, Linz HE. Materialism and Affective Well-Being: the Role of Social Support. Pers Individ Differ. 2004;37(3):463-70. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2003.09.015
21. Kahn R, Antonucci T. Convoys Over the Life Course: Attachment, Roles, and Social Support. 1st ed. Baltes P, Brim O, editors: New York: Academic Press; 1980.
22. Pefining G, Hosspech A. Selfesteem and Depression. III: Etiological Issues. Soc Psychiatr Epidemiol 1994;25:235-43.
23. Weiss RS. the Provisions of Social Relationships. Doing unto Others. 1974:17-26.
24. Miller PM, Kreitman NB, Ingham JG, Sashidharan SP. Self-Esteem, Life Stress and Psychiatric Disorder. J Affect Disord. 1989;17(1):65-75. doi: 10.1016/0165-0327(89) 90025-6
25. Harter S, Waters P, Whitesell NR. Relational Self‐Worth: Differences in Perceived Worth as a Person Across Interpersonal Contexts among Adolescents. Child dev. 1998;69(3):756-66.
26. McGee R, Williams S, Nada-Raja S. Low Self-Esteem and Hopelessness in Childhood and Suicidal Ideation in Early Adulthood. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2001;29(4):281-91. pmid: 11523834
27. Day AL, Livingstone HA. Gender Differences in Perceptions of Stressors and Utilization of Social Support among University Students. Canadian J Behav Sci. 2003;35(2):73-83. doi: 10.1037/h0087190
28. Ghaedi G, Yaghubi H. Relationship between Perceived Social Support and Dimension of Well-Being in Female and Male Students. J Armaghan Danesh 2009;13(2):70-81.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Health Research Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb