Volume 3, Issue 2 (6-2018)                   hrjbaq 2018, 3(2): 82-88 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Abolmaali Alhosseini K, Rostam Abadi F. Comparison of the Dimensions of the Psychological Capital of Athlete Women and non-Athlete . hrjbaq. 2018; 3 (2) :82-88
URL: http://hrjbaq.ir/article-1-157-en.html
Faculty of Psychology and Social Science, Roudehen branch of Islamic Azad University, Iran , sama.abolmaali@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1165 Views)

Introduction: Psychological capital is a positive psychological state which included of four dimensions of self-efficacy, hope, optimism and resilience. These dimensions together have a positive impact on individual performance and play as a strong defense against internal and external stressors. The purpose of this study was to compare the components of psychological capital (resilience, optimism, hope, and self-efficacy) beteen women doing yoga exercise and non-athletic women.
Materials and Methods: The research was a causal-comparative study. The statistical population of this research consisted of women who did yoga and non-athletes women in the same area in 2016. Eighty-one non-athletes female and Eighty- five female who did yoga were selected by simple random sampling. The participants completed questionnaires of Hope (Snyder, 2005), resilience (Connor and Davidson, 2003), self-efficacy (Scherer, 1981) and life orientation (Seligman, 2000). Data analyzed via multivariate analysis of variance.
Results: The results showed that the difference between two components of psychological capital, the resiliency and self-efficacy in athlete women who did yoga and non-athletes women were significant, but the difference of optimism and hope between two groups was not significant.
Conclusion: This study showed the effects of yoga on self-efficacy and resilience. It is recommended to health psychologists that more focus on the positive effects of yoga on psychological capital.

Full-Text [PDF 829 kb]   (414 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/05/5 | Revised: 2018/11/7 | Accepted: 2017/07/30 | ePublished ahead of print: 2018/05/28 | Published: 2018/05/28

1. Lorenz T, Beer C, Putz J, Heinitz K. Measuring Psychological Capital: Construction and Validation of the Compound PsyCap Scale (CPC-12). PloS one. 2016;11(4):e0152892.
2. Seligman ME, Csikszentmihalyi M. Positive psychology. An introduction. The American psychologist. 2000;55(1):5-14.
3. Luthans F YC, Avolio BJ. Psychological Capital: Developing the human competitive edge: Oxford University Press; 2007.
4. Riolli L SV, Richards J. Psychological Capital as a Buffer to Student Stress. PSYCH. 2012;3(12):1202-7.
5. Avey JB LF, Jensen SM. Psychological capital: A positive resource for combating employee stress and turnover. Hum Resour Manage. 2009;48(5):677-93.
6. Luthans F, Avey JB, Avolio BJ, Norman SM, Combs GM. Psychological capital development: toward a micro-intervention. Journal of Organizational Behavior. 2006;27(3):387-93.
7. Yang MH YC, Yang HW, Mui WC. The Impacts of Perceived Organizational Support and Psychological Capital on Sport Burnout of Junior High School Physical Education Students. Life Sci J. 2013;10(3):1946-52.
8. Mazloomi-Mohammadabad SS MM, Morowatisharifabad MA. Sport and its relationship with self- efficacy based on the stages of change model in staff in 1387. Yazd, Kerman University of Medical Sciences. 2008;17(4):354-46.
9. Basharat A SM, Shah Mohammadi K, NadeAli H, Zebardast. Relationship between exercise resilience, hardiness with mental health and successful in sorts in athletes. Contemporary Psychology. 2008;3(2):38-49.
10. Keshavars L FA, Aghamolazarndi F. The relationship between hope and commitment to sports with sport satisfaction male students participated in the tenth Olympic Games medical students study in college sports. Research on educational sport 2016;6:113-26.
11. Abdoli B KA, & Alizadeh M. . Volleyball training effect on self-efficacy and problem solving adolescent girls. Knowledge and Research in Applied Psychology. 2012;3:43-50.
12. Granath J, Ingvarsson S, von Thiele U, Lundberg U. Stress management: a randomized study of cognitive behavioural therapy and yoga. Cognitive behaviour therapy. 2006;35(1):3-10.
13. H HFM. The relationship between yoga and mental health. The Second National Conference on Sustainable Development in Education and Psychology, Social and Cultural Studies2015.
14. Goncalves LC, Vale RG, Barata NJ, Varejao RV, Dantas EH. Flexibility, functional autonomy and quality of life (QoL) in elderly yoga practitioners. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics. 2011;53(2):158-62.
15. Tayebi A BM, SadeghiShermeh M, Ebadi A, Ain-al-lahi, B. The effect of Hatha yoga exercises on stress, anxiety and depression in hemodialysis patients. Journal of Critical Care Nursing. 2012;4(2):72-67.
16. Qadri B. The way of yoga. Tehran: Avijeh; 2001.
17. Gratz KL, Roemer L. Multidimensional Assessment of Emotion Regulation and Dysregulation: Development, Factor Structure, and Initial Validation of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment. 2004;26(1):41-54.
18. T G. Theorizing Yoga as a Mindfulness Skill. Counseling and Guidance, WCPCG. 2013;84:1224-7.
19. Moeinifar HS JN. The effect of yoga on family relationship (case study: Sports clubs Yazd). JSM. 2012;13:81-97.
20. Justice L BCaJC. Exploring Strategies to Enhance Self-Efficacy about Starting a Yoga Practice. Ann Yoga Phys Ther. 2016;1(2):1012.
21. Streeter CC WT, Owen L, et al. Effects of yoga versus walking on mood, anxiety, and brain GABA levels: a randomized controlled MRS study. J Altern Complement Med. 2010;16(11):1145-52.
22. Mousavi A VM. Effects of Yoga techniques on reducing mental symptoms of immobility syndrome in elderly women. J Rehab Med. 2014;2(4):37-45.
23. Grabara M, Szopa J. Effects of hatha yoga exercises on spine flexibility in women over 50 years old. Journal of physical therapy science. 2015;27(2):361-5.
24. Woodyard C. Exploring the therapeutic effects of yoga and its ability to increase quality of life. International journal of yoga. 2011;4(2):49-54.
25. Hariprasad VR, Sivakumar PT, Koparde V, Varambally S, Thirthalli J, Varghese M, et al. Effects of yoga intervention on sleep and quality-of-life in elderly: A randomized controlled trial. Indian journal of psychiatry. 2013;55(Suppl 3):S364-8.
26. Boettger S, Wetzig F, Puta C, Donath L, Muller HJ, Gabriel HH, et al. Physical fitness and heart rate recovery are decreased in major depressive disorder. Psychosomatic medicine. 2009;71(5):519-23.
27. Hartfiel N, Havenhand J, Khalsa SB, Clarke G, Krayer A. The effectiveness of yoga for the improvement of well-being and resilience to stress in the workplace. Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health. 2011;37(1):70-6.
28. da Silva TL, Ravindran LN, Ravindran AV. Yoga in the treatment of mood and anxiety disorders: A review. Asian journal of psychiatry. 2009;2(1):6-16.
29. Bakhshayesh H BF, Kamali M. . Comparative of Mental Health Disabled People of Athletic and Non-Athletic. Iran J War Public Health. 2012;5(1):22-6.
30. Hamer M, Stamatakis E, Steptoe A. Dose-response relationship between physical activity and mental health: the Scottish Health Survey. British journal of sports medicine. 2009;43(14):1111-4.
31. Sherer M M, J. E. The self efficacy scale: Construction and validation. Psychological Report. 1982;51:663-71.
32. Asgharnezhad T AG, Farzad V, Khodapanahi MK. Study of Psychometeric properties of Sherer's general Self efficacy. J Psychology. 2006;10(3):262-74.
33. Mousavi Nasab SMH TS, Mohammadi N. Optimism and stress appraisal: Evaluation of two theoretical models in prediction of psychological adjustment. Journal of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. 2006;13(2):11-120.
34. Scheier MF, Carver CS, Bridges MW. Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): a reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test. Journal of personality and social psychology. 1994;67(6):1063-78.
35. Kajbaf MB AS, Khodabakhshi M. Study of reliability and validity optimism scale and the relationship between optimism and self-mastery and depression in Isfahan. Psychological study 2008;2(1-2):51-68.
36. Hassani RA AM, Mirderikvandi R. Investigating the Relationship between Islamic Optimism, Seligman's Optimism and Psychological Security. Religious and Psychology. 2011;4(4):75-102.
37. Connor KM, Davidson JR. Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Depression and anxiety. 2003;18(2):76-82.
38. Khoshouei MS. Psychometric Evaluation of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) Using Iranian Students. International Journal of Testing. 2009;9(1):60-6.
39. Snyder CR, Harris C, Anderson JR, Holleran SA, Irving LM, Sigmon ST, et al. The will and the ways: development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope. Journal of personality and social psychology. 1991;60(4):570-85.
40. Shehni-Yailagh M KGF, Maktabi GH, Neasi A, Samavi A. Reliability and validity of the Hope Scale in the Iranian Students. J Life Sci Biomed. 2012;2(4):125-8.
41. Husseinzadeh M FA. The comparison of self-concept in non-athletes and athletes high school students in Gonabad. Knowledge Horizon. 2003;9(1):82-7.
42. Lukow HR, Godwin EE, Marwitz JH, Mills A, Hsu NH, Kreutzer JS. Relationship Between Resilience, Adjustment, and Psychological Functioning After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Preliminary Report. The Journal of head trauma rehabilitation. 2015;30(4):241-8.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Health Research Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb