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Faculty of Psychology and Social Science, Roudehen branch of Islamic Azad University, Iran , sama.abolmaali@gmail.com
Abstract:   (168 Views)

Introduction: Psychological capital is a positive psychological state which included of four dimensions of self-efficacy, hope, optimism and resilience. These dimensions together have a positive impact on individual performance and play as a strong defense against internal and external stressors. The purpose of this study was to compare the components of psychological capital (resilience, optimism, hope, and self-efficacy) beteen women doing yoga exercise and non-athletic women.
Materials and Methods: The research was a causal-comparative study. The statistical population of this research consisted of women who did yoga and non-athletes women in the same area in 2016. Eighty-one non-athletes female and Eighty- five female who did yoga were selected by simple random sampling. The participants completed questionnaires of Hope (Snyder, 2005), resilience (Connor and Davidson, 2003), self-efficacy (Scherer, 1981) and life orientation (Seligman, 2000). Data analyzed via multivariate analysis of variance.
Results: The results showed that the difference between two components of psychological capital, the resiliency and self-efficacy in athlete women who did yoga and non-athletes women were significant, but the difference of optimism and hope between two groups was not significant.
Conclusion: This study showed the effects of yoga on self-efficacy and resilience. It is recommended to health psychologists that more focus on the positive effects of yoga on psychological capital.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/05/5 | Revised: 2018/05/28 | Accepted: 2017/07/30 | Published: 2018/05/28 | ePublished: 2018/05/28

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