دوره 3، شماره 2 - ( 3-1397 )                   جلد 3 شماره 2 صفحات 82-88 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم اجتماعی، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران. ، sama.abolmaali@gmail.com
چکیده:   (648 مشاهده)

مقدمه: سرمایه­ روان­شناختی یک حالت و ظرفیت روان­شناختی مثبت است و  چهار بعد­ خودکارآمدی، امید، خوش­بینی و تاب­آوری را دربرمیگیرد. این ابعاد در کنار یکدیگر تأثیر مثبتی بر عملکرد فرد دارند و به عنوان سپری مقاوم در برابر عوامل فشارزای درونی و بیرونی ایفای نقش می­کنند. هدف از این پژوهش مقایسه ابعاد سرمایه روان شناختی (تاب ­آوری، خوش ­بینی، امید و خودکارآمدی) در زنانی که ورزش یوگا انجام می­دهند با زنان غیر ورزشکار است.
مواد و روش­ ها: روش پژوهش حاضر علی-مقایسه­ ای بود. جامعه­ ی آماری این پژوهش دربرگیرنده ­ی زنان عضو یکی از باشگاه­ های یوگا و زنان غیر ورزشکار ساکن در همان منطقه در سال 1395 بود. 81 زن غیر ورزشکار و 85 زن که ورزش یوگا انجام می­دادند با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. شرکت­ کنندگان  پرسشنامه­ های امید (اسنایدر، 2005)، تاب ­آوری (کونور و دیویدسون،2003)، خودکارآمدی (شرر، 1981) و جهت­ گیری زندگی (سلیگمن، 2000) را تکمیل کردند. برای تحلیل داده ها از آزمون آماری تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیری استفاده شد.
یافته ها: نتایج حاکی از این بود که تفاوت در دو بعد از سرمایه ی روان­شناختی، یعنی تاب‌­آوری و خودکارآمدی بین زنان ورزشکار یوگا و غیرورزشکار معنادار بود (P=0.01). )، اما تفاوت خوش­بینی و امید در دو گروه معنادار نبود (P>0.05).
نتیجه ­گیری: این پژوهش اثرات یوگا را بر ابعاد خودکارآمدی و تاب­آوری نشان داد. بنابراین توصیه می­شود که روان­شناسان حوزه سلامت به اثرات مثبت یوگا بر افزایش سرمایه روان شناختی توجه بیشتری نمایند. 
 

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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۲/۱۵ | ویرایش نهایی: ۱۳۹۷/۸/۱۶ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۵/۸ | انتشار الکترونیک پیش از انتشار نهایی: ۱۳۹۷/۳/۷ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۷/۳/۷

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