Volume 4, Issue 4 (8-2019)                   hrjbaq 2019, 4(4): 227-234 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Golkhandan A. The Causal Relationship between Health Indicators and Labor Productivity in Iran. hrjbaq. 2019; 4 (4) :227-234
URL: http://hrjbaq.ir/article-1-379-en.html
Faculty of Economics and Administrative, Lorestan University, Khoram Abad, Iran , (golkhandana@gmail.com)
Abstract:   (845 Views)

Introduction: Promoting community health increases labor productivity through various ways. On the other hand, an increase in labor productivity can improve health outcomes. Accordingly, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the causal relationship between health indicators and labor productivity in Iran.
Materials and Methods: The present analytical study, using time series data from 2000-2015, examines the Granger causality relationship between health indicators (including life expectancy and health expenditure share of GDP) and labor productivity index. The Toda and Yamamoto Granger causality test were used. Also, the statistical analyzes performed using the Eviews9.0 software.
Results: According to the results, there is a strong causal relationship between health indicators and labor productivity at 99% confidence level. Also, the existence of causality relation from labor productivity to health indicators is confirmed at 90% confidence level. In general, the existence of a two-way causal relationship between health indicators and labor productivity is confirmed.
Conclusions: Adopting appropriate policies to improve the health and labor productivity can help to promoting another index in the country.

Full-Text [PDF 804 kb]   (291 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/09/7 | Revised: 2019/10/9 | Accepted: 2019/09/27 | ePublished ahead of print: 2019/09/28 | Published: 2019/10/9

1. International labour Organization. Advancing social justice, promoting decent work.
2. Jorjorzadeh A, Kharizad S, Basirat M. [The relation between hygiene and labor productivity developing countries]. Quart J Product Manag. 2016;10(37):71-80.
3. Bloom D, Canning D, Sevilla J. The effect of health on economic growth: Theory and evidence. Working Paper 8587, National Bureau of Economic Research. 2001. DOI: 10.3386/w8587
4. Saha S. Impact of health on productivity growth in India. Inter J Eco, Finance & Manag. 2013;2(4).
5. Umoru D, Yaqub J. Labor productivity and health capital in Nigeria: The empirical evidence. Inter J Human Social Sci. 2008;3(4):199-221.
6. Alvi S. Analyzing the impact of health and education on total factor productivity: A panel data approach. Asian-African Journal of Economics and Econometrics 2013;13(2):277-92.
7. Ullah S, Malik MN. Impact of Health on Labour Productivity: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan. European Online J Natur & Social Sci. 2019;8(1):pp. 139-47.
8. Amini AR, Hejazi Azad Z. [An analysis and assessment of health contribution to increasing labor productivity: A case study of Iran]. Economic Research 2007;9(30):137-63.
9. Raeispour A, Pajooyan J. A Survey on Public Health Expenditure Investment Effects to Economic Growth & Productivity in Iran: A Regional Approach. J Plann Budgeting 2014;18(4):43-68.
10. Toda HY, Yamamoto T. Statistical inference in vector autoregressions with possibly integrated processes. J Econometrics. 1995;66(1-2):225-50. DOI: 10.1016/0304-4076(94)01616-8
11. Shan J, Sun F. On the export-led growth hypothesis: the econometric evidence from China. Applied Economics. 2010;30(8):1055-65. DOI: 10.1080/000368498325228
12. Golkhandan A. Empirical Test of the Relationship between Government's Power to Collect Taxes, Tax Revenues and Government Expenditures in Iran Quart J fiscal & Eco policies 2019;7(25):79-104.
13. Özdamar G. Factors Affecting Current Account Balance of Turkey: A Survey with the Cointegrating Regression Analysis. Pressacademia. 2015;4(4):633-. DOI: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2015414533

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Health Research Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb