Volume 3, Issue 2 (6-2018)                   hrjbaq 2018, 3(2): 89-94 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Saberifar R. Investigate the Relationship between Urban Furniture and Utilization of Urban Spaces with Mental Health . hrjbaq. 2018; 3 (2) :89-94
URL: http://hrjbaq.ir/article-1-48-en.html
Department of Urban Planning, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran , (Saberifar@yahoo.com)
Abstract:   (2157 Views)

Introduction: The impact of environmental conditions on public and mental health, has been proven in several studies. Meanwhile, the role of furniture and the enjoyment of urban spaces has been particularly noted by the interest of urban planners and health policymakers. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the relationship between statuses of urban furniture, the amount of urban space and examines mental health in a city.
Materials and Methods: The cross-sectional study carried out in the summer of 2015 among the population aged 15 and older in Sabzevar city. For this purpose and according to the population of the city, 372 people were selected by randomized sampling. The required data were collected using SLC-90 and a self-made questionnaire (for mental health and condition of the furniture and spaces, respectively) that their validity and reliability had been confirmed. The collected data were analyzed by correlation, and multivariate regression analysis using SPSS software.
Results: The results of this study showed that there is a significant relationship between urban furniture status and utilization of urban spaces with mental health at the level of P<0.05.
Conclusion: The urban furniture plays an important role in explaining and predicting the mental health of the citizens. Based on the findings of this study, it can be said that the more citizens use urban spaces and the furniture in these spaces, the better and better fit, they will have a higher mental health.

Full-Text [PDF 451 kb]   (920 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/06/2 | Revised: 2018/11/7 | Accepted: 2017/03/6 | ePublished ahead of print: 2018/05/29 | Published: 2018/08/1

1. W. Sullivan, S. Kuo and F. Depooter, "The Fruit Of Urban Nature,Vital Neighborhood Spaces," Environment and Behavior, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 678-700, 2004.
2. G. Golany, Geo- Space Urban Design, vol. 1, New York: John Wiley and Son, 1996, pp. 427-452.
3. J. Jacobs and D. Appleyard, "Toward an Urban Design Manifesto.," Journal of American Planning Association, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 112- 120, 1987.
4. E. said, "Integrating the Community in Urban Design and Planning of Public Spaces: A Review in Malaysian Cities," Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 168, no. 1, p. 357–364, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences.
5. A. Lahsaee Zadeh and G. Moradi, "Relationship between social capital and mental health of immigrants," Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 44-56, 2008.
6. K. Gray, H. Upadhyaya, D. Deas and K. Brady, "Advances in diagnosis of adolescent substance abuse," Adolesc Med Clin, vol. 3, no. 17, pp. 411-25., 2006.
7. L. E. Jackson, "The relationship of urban design to human health and cindition," Landscape And Urban Planning, vol. 6, no. 41, pp. 91-200, 2003.
8. M. o. H. a. M. E. o. Iran, General Secretary Mental health, Tehran: Ministry of Health and Medical , 2011.
9. J. Pakzad, "Expert culture and people culture," Urban Management, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 32-42, 2001.
10. H. Sadeghian, The role of landscape and urban furniture on mental health of citizens in the horizon of sustainable development, Yazd: Civilika, 2014.
11. N. Hamid and M. Babamiri, "The Relationship of Green Space and Mental," Armaghane-danesh, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences Journal (YUMSJ), vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 309-316, 2012.
12. R. B. Zehner, indicators of the quality of life in new communities, combrige: mass balkinger publishing company, 1977.
13. J. Jacobs, the death and life of great American cities, landon: jonathan cape, 1961.
14. U. Darvishi, "The challenges of urban furniture in Ardebil," in The 9th Symposium on Advances in Science and Technology, Mashhad, 2014.
15. J. Pakzad, "Urban furniture, issues and approaches," Journal of shadariha, vol. 2, no. 13, pp. 12-31, 2000.
16. S. Bell, Landscape Pattern, Perception and Process, London: Book Com, 1999.
17. R. S. Ulrich, "Natural versus urban sciences: some psycho-physiological effects," Environ. Behav, vol. 13, no. 2, p. 523–556, 1981.
18. R. saberifar, "The role of designing and equipping urban parks in attracting and meeting the need of visitors (A case study on Mashhad’s urban parks)," Geography and Environmental Studies, vol. 4, no. 13, pp. 37-52, 2015.
19. M. Kaivanara, M. Haghightian and M. Alibaei, "The Relationship between Social Capital and Mental Health amonge the Citizens of Shahr-e-KordScientific," Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 55-47., 2014.
20. A. Karimi, R. Pahlavanipour, M. Najar and H. Pahlavanipour , "determine of standard of urban furniture design according to the Urban Crisis Management," in First Conference on Urban Crisis Management, Abhar, 2012.
21. P. Ziviyar and K. Taymorian, "The study of satisfaction with standard of urban furniture," Geography, vol. 11, no. 37, pp. 289-304, 2013.
22. M. Jokar, "The role of urban management and design of urban space in mental health," in The second conference on psychology of social and cultural damage in Iran, Tehran, 2015.
23. A. Nedaei and S. Moher, "The Role of Urban Furniture designed to reduce stress on citizens, when traffic in the city," Otagh, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 62-68, 2013.
24. M. S. Ahmady, "The Impact of Religion _Based Communication Skills on the Improvement of Self-Esteem and," J Zanjan Univ Med Sci., vol. 22, no. 90, pp. 13-22, 2014.
25. M. Kazemi and B. Bahrami, "The Role of Spiritual Belief and Islamic Practice in Improvement of Mental Health and," J Zanjan Univ Med Sci., vol. 22, no. 90, pp. 62-72, 2014.
26. M. Hedayat NeZhad, "Tenancy, psycho-social problems and its solutions,," in third seminar on the development of housing policies in Iran, Volume 2, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, Tehran, 1996.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Health Research Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb