Volume 7, Issue 2 (3-2022)                   hrjbaq 2022, 7(2): 87-95 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kiani F, Tehranizadeh M, Ahmadpour M. Effectiveness of Social Skills Training on Social Adjustment in Working Children. hrjbaq. 2022; 7 (2) :87-95
URL: http://hrjbaq.ir/article-1-567-en.html
Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Payame Noor University, Karaj Branch, Iran
Abstract:   (485 Views)

Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of social skills training on increasing social adjustment in working children in Tehran province.
Materials and Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental study and the design used was pre-test and post-test with a control group. The statistical population included all working children aged 8 to 13 years in Tehran province in 1400, of which 30 were tested by available sampling in two groups of 30 and both groups were given short form questionnaires. Compatibility Weinberger and Schwartz (1990) responded in two stages: pre-test and post-test. The results were analyzed using univariate analysis of covariance.
Results: The results showed that the value of F for the difference between the mean scores of social adjustment in experimental and control groups was 58.94 and the significance level of this value with degrees of freedom 1 and 27 was less than 0.05. Therefore, the differences of the mean scores of social adaptation between the experimental and control groups was significant and with 95% confidence, it can be said that social skills have a significant effect on increasing social adaptation.
Conclusion: According to the results, it can be said that social skills training has a significant effect on increasing social adaptation in working children.

Author contribution: all authors were contributed equally.
Conflict of Interest/Funding/Supports: No.
Ethical Considerations: All ethical concerns respected in this study and it was confirmed by ethic committee of the Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch with the code IR.USB.REC.1398.006.
Applicable Remarks: To introduce newer ways to improve social adjustment in working children.

Article number: 1
Full-Text [PDF 1174 kb]   (115 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/01/4 | Revised: 2022/05/28 | Accepted: 2022/01/16 | ePublished ahead of print: 2022/04/3 | Published: 2022/04/3

1. Haghighi A, Talebi S, Shahrabadi H. Effects of Exercise Training on Response of Covid-19- Like Vaccines in Older Adults; a Brief Report. Health Research Journal. 2021;6(3):219-25. DOI: 10.52547/hrjbaq.6.3.219
2. Vetter P, Eberhardt CS, Meyer B, Martinez Murillo PA, Torriani G, Pigny F, et al. Daily Viral Kinetics and Innate and Adaptive Immune Response Assessment in COVID-19: a Case Series. mSphere. 2020;5(6). DOI: 10.1128/mSphere.00827-20 PMID: 33177214
3. Liu X, Wang J, Xu X, Liao G, Chen Y, Hu CH. Patterns of IgG and IgM antibody response in COVID-19 patients. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2020;9(1):1269-74. DOI: 10.1080/22221751.2020.1773324 PMID: 32515684
4. Talebi S, Nematshahi M, Tajabadi A, Khosrogerdi A. Comparison of Clinical and Epidemiological Characteristics of Deceased and Recovered Patients with COVID-19 in Sabzevar, Iran. J Mil Med. 2020;22(6):509-16.
5. Bahram ME, Pourvaghar MJ, Sadeh MR. Effect of 12 weeks of Chosen Pilates Exercise on the Quality of Iife of Healthy Nonathletic People. Tolooebehdasht. 2014;13(1):93-103.
6. Berg-Weger M, Schroepfer T. COVID-19 Pandemic: Workforce Implications for Gerontological Social Work. J Gerontol Soc Work. 2020;63(6-7):524-9. DOI: 10.1080/01634372.2020.1772934 PMID: 32501174
7. Dugan HL, Henry C, Wilson PC. Aging and influenza vaccine-induced immunity. Cell Immunol. 2020;348:103998. DOI: 10.1016/j.cellimm.2019.103998 PMID: 31733824
8. Goodwin K, Viboud C, Simonsen L. Antibody response to influenza vaccination in the elderly: a quantitative review. Vaccine. 2006;24(8):1159-69. DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2005.08.105 PMID: 16213065
9. Wong GCL, Strickland MC, Larbi A. Changes in T Cell Homeostasis and Vaccine Responses in Old Age. Interdiscip Top Gerontol Geriatr. 2020;43:36-55. DOI: 10.1159/000504487 PMID: 32294651
10. Song Y, Ren F, Sun D, Wang M, Baker JS, Istvan B, et al. Benefits of Exercise on Influenza or Pneumonia in Older Adults: A Systematic Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(8). DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17082655 PMID: 32294922
11. Bachi AL, Suguri VM, Ramos LR, Mariano M, Vaisberg M, Lopes JD. Increased production of autoantibodies and specific antibodies in response to influenza virus vaccination in physically active older individuals. Results Immunol. 2013;3:10-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.rinim.2013.01.001 PMID: 24600554
12. Zarei-Taher T, Kowsari A, Sheykhhasan M, Manoochehri H, Kalhor N, Naserpour L. [Introduce characteristic, types and functional mechanism of adjuvants as a biologic complement]. Journal of Fasa University of Medical Sciences. 2019;9(4):1758-73.
13. Negri E, Colombo C, Giordano L, Groth N, Apolone G, La Vecchia C. Influenza vaccine in healthy children: a meta-analysis. Vaccine. 2005;23(22):2851-61. DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2004.11.053 PMID: 15780733
14. Bernstein E, Kaye D, Abrutyn E, Gross P, Dorfman M, Murasko DM. Immune response to influenza vaccination in a large healthy elderly population. Vaccine. 1999;17(1):82-94. DOI: 10.1016/s0264-410x(98)00117-0 PMID: 10078611
15. Gorse GJ, Campbell MJ, Otto EE, Powers DC, Chambers GW, Newman FK. Increased anti-influenza A virus cytotoxic T cell activity following vaccination of the chronically ill elderly with live attenuated or inactivated influenza virus vaccine. J Infect Dis. 1995;172(1):1-10. DOI: 10.1093/infdis/172.1.1 PMID: 7797897
16. Keylock KT, Lowder T, Leifheit KA, Cook M, Mariani RA, Ross K, et al. Higher antibody, but not cell-mediated, responses to vaccination in high physically fit elderly. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007;102(3):1090-8. DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00790.2006 PMID: 17095638
17. Kohut ML, Cooper MM, Nickolaus MS, Russell DR, Cunnick JE. Exercise and psychosocial factors modulate immunity to influenza vaccine in elderly individuals. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2002;57(9):M557-62. DOI: 10.1093/gerona/57.9.m557 PMID: 12196490
18. Woods JA, Keylock KT, Lowder T, Vieira VJ, Zelkovich W, Dumich S, et al. Cardiovascular exercise training extends influenza vaccine seroprotection in sedentary older adults: the immune function intervention trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009;57(12):2183-91. DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2009.02563.x PMID: 20121985
19. Long JE, Ring C, Drayson M, Bosch J, Campbell JP, Bhabra J, et al. Vaccination response following aerobic exercise: can a brisk walk enhance antibody response to pneumococcal and influenza vaccinations? Brain Behav Immun. 2012;26(4):680-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2012.02.004 PMID: 22386744
20. Ranadive SM, Cook M, Kappus RM, Yan H, Lane AD, Woods JA, et al. Effect of acute aerobic exercise on vaccine efficacy in older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2014;46(3):455-61. DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182a75ff2 PMID: 23924918
21. Suzuki K, Tagami K. Voluntary wheel-running exercise enhances antigen-specific antibody-producing splenic B cell response and prolongs IgG half-life in the blood. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2005;94(5-6):514-9. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-005-1378-4 PMID: 15952025

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Health Research Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb