Volume 6, Issue 2 (2-2021)                   hrjbaq 2021, 6(2): 157-165 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rezazadeh Shermeh M. The Relationship between Body Mass Index and Mental Image of the Body with Mental Health in Teenage Girls. hrjbaq. 2021; 6 (2) :157-165
URL: http://hrjbaq.ir/article-1-114-en.html
Department of Educational Psychology, Mazandaran University, Mazandaran, Iran , (n.zamani1367@yahoo.com)
Abstract:   (223 Views)

Introduction: Body image is a complex concept that includes biological, psychological, internal and external social factors and has a great impact on adolescents' mental health. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between body mass index and body image with mental health in adolescent girls.
Materials and Methods: The present study is a descriptive-correlational study in which 152 people were selected as a cluster sample from among the first secondary school girls in Mazandaran province (Iran). These individuals filled demographic and demographic information, mental body image and general health questionnaires. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression.
Results: There is no significant relationship between body mass index and mental health. There was also no significant relationship between weight attitude and mental health. But there is a significant inverse relationship between the satisfaction score of different parts of the body (BASS) and the total score of general health and all its dimensions. The results of regression analysis also showed that the dimensions of the mental image of the body explain about 20% of the variance of general health.
Conclusion: The only factors affecting body image among the studied factors are body mass index and the amount of physical activity. The higher the body mass index, the more undesirable the mental image, and the more physical activity, the more desirable the mental image. Therefore, adding sports facilities in educational environments can improve the mental image of the body.

Author contribution: All has done by Mohammad Rezazadeh Shermeh
Conflict of Interest/Funding/Supports: No.
Ethical Considerations: All ethical concerns respected in this study. This research was confirmed by ethic committee of Mazandaran university (code number: 1398/d/11635).  
Applicable Remarks: To improving mental health in adolescent girls especially obese individuals.

Full-Text [PDF 1497 kb]   (21 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/12/18 | Revised: 2021/06/13 | Accepted: 2017/11/3 | ePublished ahead of print: 2021/04/17 | Published: 2021/05/29

1. WHO C. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser. 2000;894(i-xii).
2. Sepandi M, Haghighi ZMH, Taghdir M. Relationship between Body Mass Index and Demographic Features in Women. Knowledge & Health. 2011;6(1):15-8.
3. Black MM, Papas MA, Bentley ME, Cureton P, Saunders A, Le K, et al. Overweight adolescent African-American mothers gain weight in spite of intentions to lose weight. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006;106(1):80-7. DOI: 10.1016/ j.jada.2005.09.049 PMID: 16390669
4. Stice E, Presnell K, Shaw H, Rohde P. Psychological and behavioral risk factors for obesity onset in adolescent girls: a prospective study. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2005;73(2):195-202. DOI: 10.1037/0022-006X.73.2. 195 PMID: 15796626
5. Stunkard AJ, Faith MS, Allison KC. Depression and obesity. Biological Psychiatry. 2003;54(3):330-7. DOI: 10.1016/s0006-3223(03)00608-5
6. Woo J, Ho SC, Yu AL, Sham A. Is waist circumference a useful measure in predicting health outcomes in the elderly? Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2002;26(10):1349-55. DOI: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0802080 PMID: 12355330
7. Zamani N, Farhadi M, Jamilian HR, Habibi M. Effectiveness of group dialectical behavior therapy (based on Acceptance and Commitment) on Expulsive Anger and Impulsive Behaviors. Journal of Arak University of Medical Sciences 2014;17(92):53-61.
8. Black J, Hawks J. Medical-surgical nursing: management for positive outcomes. 8th ed. ed. New York: Saunders 2005.
9. Gill DL. Psychological dynamics of sport. Tehran: Kosar; 2003.
10. Amidi M, Ghofranipoor F, Hosseini R. Body image dissatisfaction and body mass index in adolescent girls. Journal of Research in Behavioural Sciences 2006;1-2(4):59-65.
11. World Health Organization. Mental Health: Facing the challenges, Building solutions: WHO Pub; 2015.
12. Janghorbani M, Amini M, Willett WC, Mehdi Gouya M, Delavari A, Alikhani S, et al. First nationwide survey of prevalence of overweight, underweight, and abdominal obesity in Iranian adults. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007;15(11):2797-808. DOI: 10.1038/oby.2007.332 PMID: 18070771
13. Inoue M, Toyokawa S, Miyoshi Y, Miyano Y, Suzuki T, Suyama Y, et al. Degree of agreement between weight perception and body mass index of Japanese workers: MY Health Up Study. J Occup Health. 2007;49(5):376-81. DOI: 10.1539/joh.49.376 PMID: 17951969
14. Gromel K, Sargent RG, Watkins JA, Shoob HD, DiGioacchino RF, Malin AS. Measurements of body image in clinical weight loss participants with and without binge-eating traits. Eating Behaviors. 2000;1(2):191-202. DOI: 10.1016/s1471-0153(00)00018-0
15. Boyd MA. Psychiatric nursing. New York: Lippincott 2002.
16. Lloyd-Richardson EE, King TK, Forsyth LH, Clark MM. Body image evaluations in obese females with binge eating disorder. Eating Behaviors. 2000;1(2):161-71. DOI: 10.1016/s1471-0153(00)00016-7
17. Levine MP, Piran N. The role of body image in the prevention of eating disorders. Body Image. 2004;1(1):57-70. DOI: 10.1016/s1740-1445(03)00006-8
18. Birbeck D, Drummond M. Body image and the per-pubescent child. Journal of educational enquiry. 2003;4(1):117-27.
19. Forozy M, Mohammadalizadeh S, Haghdoust A, Garooci B, Shamsodin S. Relationship between body image and eating disorders. Iranian J Nurs Res. 2010;4(15):33-4.
20. Cash TF, Pruzinsky T. Body image: A handbook of theory, research, and clinical practice. New York: Guilford Press 2002.
21. Cash T, Smolak L. Body Image. New York: The Guilford Press; 2011.
22. Kashefi Neyshaburi J, Zamani N, Darvishi M. The Effect of Impulse Control Training on Impulsiveness and Anxiety and Depressions sisters of children with childhood onset fluency disorders: Three Case Studies. Journal of Research in Psychological Health. 2014;8(4):7-8.
23. Taghavi SMR. Check the validity and reliability Mvmy. mjlh Health Psychology. 2001;20(1):398-81.
24. Rafati F, Pilevarzadeh M, Salari S, Mohamadi M, Pormehr A. Relationship Between BMI and Mental Health in Nursing Students of Jiroft. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2012;14(2):135-41
25. Gunnarsdottir T, Njardvik U, Olafsdottir AS, Craighead LW, Bjarnason R. Teasing and social rejection among obese children enrolling in family-based behavioural treatment: effects on psychological adjustment and academic competencies. Int J Obes (Lond). 2012;36(1):35-44. DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2011.181 PMID: 21968761
26. Ratanasiripong P, Burkey H. Body Mass Index and Body Size Perception. Californian Journal of Health Promotion. 2011;9(1):18-24. DOI: 10.32398/cjhp.v9i1.2054
27. Kim G, Parmelee P, DeCoster J, Bryant A, Chiriboga D. The Relation Between Body Mass Index and Self-Rated Mental Health Among Older Adults: Do Racial/Ethnic Differences Exist? . American Journal Geriatr Psychiatry 2013;3(8):1-9.
28. Janssen I, Katzmarzyk P, Boyce W, King M, Pickett W. Overweight and obesity in Canadian adolescents and their associations with dietary habits and physical activity patterns. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2004;35(5):360-7. DOI: 10.1016/s1054-139x(04)00058-8
29. Zawawi J. Relationships between Body Mass Index, Body Image Dissatisfaction and Psychological Distress among Fitness Center Female Users in Zarqa-Jordan. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 2014;4(11):109-30.
30. Linnder A, Hughes O. Eating pathology and social comparison in college women. Journal of Abnormal American psychology 2009;17(2):455-63.
31. Martinez JA, Moreno B, Martinez-Gonzalez MA. Prevalence of obesity in Spain. Obes Rev. 2004;5(3):171-2. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2004.00146.x PMID: 15245386
32. Neighbors LA, Sobal J. Prevalence and magnitude of body weight and shape dissatisfaction among university students. Eat Behav. 2007;8(4):429-39. DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2007.03.003 PMID: 17950931
33. Nauta H, Hospers HJ, Jansen A, Kok G. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 2000;24(5):521-31. DOI: 10.1023/a:1005510027890
34. Smolak L. Body Image Development in Children In: T.F, Pruzinsky T, editors. Body image A Handbook Of Theory , Research , and Clinical Practice 1. New York: Guilford Press 2014. p. 65-72.
35. Gillen MM. Associations between positive body image and indicators of men's and women's mental and physical health. Body Image. 2015;13:67-74. DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.01.002 PMID: 25682474

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Health Research Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb