Volume 6, Issue 2 (2-2021)                   hrjbaq 2021, 6(2): 104-114 | Back to browse issues page


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Fasihi A, Siyahkuhiyan M, Jafarnejadgru A, Bolboli L, Sheykhalizadeh H, Fasihi L. Comparing the Effect of Exhaustive Fatigue Protocol on Ankle Muscle Co-contraction during Walking in Healthy and with a Pronated Foot People. hrjbaq. 2021; 6 (2) :104-114
URL: http://hrjbaq.ir/article-1-481-en.html
Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran , (marefat76@yahoo.com)
Abstract:   (719 Views)

Introduction: Fatigue and deformities in the lower extremities such as the pronate foot can adversely affect the biomechanics of human movements and walking. Under fatigue conditions, the biomechanical differences of pronate and healthy feet are more easily identified. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of helpless fatigue protocol on all ankle muscle contractions in pronate and healthy individuals during walking.
Materials and Methods: Fourteen young men with pronate feet and 14 healthy men participated in this study. Electromyographic activity of selected muscles was recorded before and after the fatigue protocol. Data were analyzed using SPSS software and two-way analysis of variance with repeated measures.
Results: The results showed that after fatigue, all general contractions in pronate and healthy foot groups decreased significantly during the heel contact phase (P=0.040). Also, the directional contraction in both groups increased significantly during the heel separation phase (P=0.022) and oscillation (P=0.039) in the pretest compared to the posttest. The other components did not show any significant differences.
Conclusion: The change in all the contractions of the muscles around the ankle joint indicates an increase in pressure on its internal structures. Abnormal anatomical changes in the feet of these people after fatigue may put them at risk for overload or injury. Therefore, it is suggested that in examining the effects of fatigue on gait mechanics and the incidence of gait injuries, attention should be paid to all muscle contractions in the joints.

Author contribution: All authors contributed equally in the work.
Conflict of interest/ Funding/ Supports: The authors states that have no Conflict of interest/funding/supports in this study.
Ethical Considerations:  The Ethics Committee of the Ardabil University of medical sciences has approved the study design (IR.ARUMS.REC.1397.301).
Applicable Remarks: In addition to significantly helping people with pronated feet in connection with rehabilitation programs, weight loss and improving the quality of life, can provide a new perspective for biomechanics and other rehabilitation specialists in the implementation of rehabilitation programs.

Full-Text [PDF 2285 kb]   (127 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/11/5 | Revised: 2021/06/13 | Accepted: 2021/02/3 | ePublished ahead of print: 2021/03/15 | Published: 2021/05/29

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