Volume 7, Issue 2 (3-2022)                   hrjbaq 2022, 7(2): 159-167 | Back to browse issues page


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Movahed B, Mardani G, Ramezani Z, Azizkhani L, Zamani M, Navkhasi S. Mean Scores of Pain Intensity Following the Administration of Different Analgesics in Patients Referred to the Emergency Department. hrjbaq. 2022; 7 (2) :159-167
URL: http://hrjbaq.ir/article-1-502-en.html
Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran. , (leila433@gmail.com)
Abstract:   (236 Views)

Introduction: Pain is one of the most common problems of patients referring to the emergency department, and its effective control is a main issue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mean pain scores following the administration of various analgesics in patients referred to the emergency department.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed on patients referred to the emergency department of Besat Hospital in Sanandaj in 2017. Analgesic drugs were included of acetaminophen, fentanyl, morphine sulfate, ketorolac, and methadone. Patients' pain intensity was assessed by a 10-point scoring system before and after analgesia therapy. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics 22.0 software using one-way analysis of variance, repeated measures analysis of variance and analysis of covariance.
Results: A total of 388 patients were included in the study, of which 62.4% (242) were male and 37.6% (146) were female. The mean age of the subjects was 37.4 years. Acetaminophen (39.7%, n = 154) was the most common pain reliever and methadone (2.1%, n = 8) was the lowest one. The results of one-way analysis of variance demonstrated that, the mean pain intensity at the beginning and after 15 minutes was significantly different between drugs (P=0.001), but the results of analysis of covariance showed that the relationship between different pain relievers were not different significantly in short-time follow-up.
Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, the initial pain intensity is an effective factor that could be the main determinant factor. Therefore, interpreting the reduction in pain intensity and the difference in the amount of this reduction based on the type of medication received and without considering the initial pain intensity is not a correct concept.  


Author Contribution: all authors contributed equally in collecting, analyzing and editing final manuscript.
Confilict of Interest/Funding/ Supports: The authors declare that have no conflict of interest/funding/supports in this study.
Ethical Consideration: All ethical concerns respected in this study. Also it was approved in ethical committee of Kurdestan University of medical sciences. (Code number: IR.MUK.REC.1396/135)
Applicable Remark: To help for finding more effective analgesic agent in emergency.

Article number: 7
Keywords: Analgesic, Pain, Emergency.
Full-Text [PDF 973 kb]   (70 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/02/26 | Revised: 2022/05/28 | Accepted: 2022/04/9 | ePublished ahead of print: 2022/04/11 | Published: 2022/05/24

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