Volume 6, Issue 4 (9-2021)                   hrjbaq 2021, 6(4): 297-307 | Back to browse issues page


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Clinical Biomechanics and Ergonomics Research Center, AJA University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran , (Riahy_simin@yahoo.com)
Abstract:   (1653 Views)

Exercise should be considered as the front line of necessary measures to reduce pregnancy complications and increase the physical health of mother and child. Women reduce the intensity and duration of their physical activity due to concerns about the possibility of physical adverse effects on fetal health. Awareness of not harming the fetus through exercise reduces the mother's stress and increases her desire to exercise. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of pregnancy exercise on placental and fetal health and function. Findings indicate that the effect of exercise depends on the type, frequency, intensity and duration of exercise as well as the time of exercise during pregnancy. Despite the differences in the design of studies, so far there is no report on the negative impact of exercise on fetal health. Most studies emphasize the benefits of exercise by increasing lean mass and decreasing fat mass, reducing basal heart rate, and increasing fetal heart rate variability, and believe that exercise is also effective in future child health. Due to the positive effect of exercise on fetal health, in the absence of obstetric problems, it should be considered as an important part of prenatal care.  

Author Contribution: All done by Simin Riyahi.
Conflict of Interest/Funding/Supports: No.  
Ethical Considerations: All ethical concerns respected in this review study.  
Applicable Remarks: To introduce beneficial effects of exercise training on fetus and placenta.    

Full-Text [PDF 1648 kb]   (456 Downloads)    
Type of Study: review | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/09/19 | Revised: 2021/12/22 | Accepted: 2021/11/2 | ePublished ahead of print: 2021/11/16 | Published: 2021/12/13

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